​​​The district handles economic - agricultural planning, agricultural training in all fields, land uses, soil conservation, drainage and water, rural development, planning and building, foreign workers and implementing the Agricultural Settlement law in 230 rural settlements.  

 

Kibbutzs

25

Cooperative Settlements

10

Moshavim

119

Rural settlements (cities and local councils)

39

Farms and agricultural institutes, processing companies and schools  

35

Arab villages

5

 

 









The activity of the district is performed in accordance with a number of laws, among them:

·         Planning and Building law

·         Encouragement of Capital Investment in Agriculture law

·         Drainage law

·         Agricultural Settlement law

 

 District's boundaries

The district extends over an area of 1,807 km2.

In the north - from Hulon until Petah-Tiqva and Modi'in Regional Council.

In the east - from along the Green Line through Shefelat Yehuda (Judean Lowland), Jerusalem and Gush Etzion Regional Council until Karmei Tsur.

In the south - until Kiriat Gat, Regional Council Mate Asher and Regional Council Beer Tuvia.

In the west - until the coastal line

 

Topography

The district's surroundings are topographically diverse. From the Yehuda (Judean) Mountains and Hebron in the east, an altitude of about 800-1,000 meters above sea level, through Shfelat Yehuda (Judean Lowland) thence the low-laying area of Lod Valley whose altitude is only a few meters above sea level, and to the Mediterranean Sea.

 

Lands

The district's soils are diverse: Terra Rosa soils in the mountain area, Randzina soils in Shfelat Yehuda, heavy soils in the creek valleys and the low areas of the land, and Chimera from the west until the coastal sands. In the south, the district's boundary is bordering the Loess soils of the Negev.

 

 Climate and precipitation

A Mediterranean climate influenced by the topography and distance from the sea. This climate allows the growing of a diverse selection of crops, from the cool areas of the mountain through the areas of expected frost in the valleys and the warm areas which are more suitable for sub-tropical crops. Average annual precipitation is between 800 milliliters, or more, in Jerusalem and northern Har Hebron area, and 400 milliliters in the Nir Banim area.

This data allows the diversity and the different characterization of each sub-region, the choosing of preferable crops for each region while considering the closeness to central areas and national infrastructures, like Ben Gurion air port, thus enabling the existence of greenhouses for cuttings, eggplants, crucifers and more, in the district.